Museum of Contemporary Art in Warsaw – The use of real-time simulation in the design process

15 12 2010

Graduation Project of Agata Kycia, Hyperbody Msc4 studio, TU Delft (tutors: dr. Nimish Biloria, dr. ing. Henriette Biere, Martin Sobota)

The museum is an annex of the Center of Contemporary Art, located in the XVIth century Ujazdowski castle in Warsaw. It is situated in a strategic point above the highway cutting through the city, highly visible while approaching the city thus making it a recognizable landmark.

The project consists of five different crystal-like volumes organized around a central courtyard, embedded in the landscape, engaging the visitors both through indoor and outdoor areas. The differentiation of the exhibition spaces is amplified by very specific daylight conditions related to different programmatic needs.

The computational techniques used for the form finding process, define a multiplicity of light shafts oriented and shaped according to the studies of the sun circulation on the site on a year-round cycle.

The museum offers  exceptional environment for manifestation of contemporary art, where light and atmosphere are constantly changing throughout the whole year.

Development of the project consists of different analytical stages:

1) a simulation developed in Processing, distributing different programms and light openings along the site, depending on their requirements in terms of factors like noise, sun exposure, accessibility and views

2) parametric studies in Rhinoscript investigating geometrical potential of positions for the light shafts

3) environmental studies in Ecotect and Radiance analyzing light conditions in different times of the day throughout the whole year





Warsaw Cultural Centre – Prototyping Process

30 10 2010

The main purpose of Warsaw Cultural Centre (WCC) project was to prove that computational approach can lead the design till final materialization in a much faster and effective way. Thus part of the WCC form was chosen to be finally fabricated in 1:25 scale. For this purpose scrpit was written in VB Rhino Script to generate all the elements of the project. The construction method was slightly adjusted to the scale of the prototype (some elements would be to small if we use 1:1 scale procedure), however in full scale process it will follow exactly the same logic and the script will need minor changes.

The picture above shows the part chosen for fabrication, including all the elements of the structure and cladding system. The movie below presents a process of generating all these elements by a couple of rhinoscripts. In a first part simple fugures are selected, and then based on their geometry the final form of the prototype is created.

Two CNC techniques were used to create final prototype. Construction beams, floor plates and joints were cut using laser cuting. A seperate script was written to unfold all the surfaces and prepare files for the laser cutting machine. On the other hand cladding panels were formed by using CNC 3 axis milling machine. The prototype, consisting of more then two thousands elements was cut and milled in 74 hours and was assembled in 22 hours.

Project construction method was first developed and tested on Interwoven System Project, which was a graduation research project at the TU Delft in the Hyperbody studio (posted on the website a couple of months ago).





Warsaw Cultural Centre – TU Delft Graduation Project

27 10 2010

Warsaw Cultural Centre was a graduation project at the TU Delft in the Hyperbody studio. The project was developed under tutorship of dr. Nimish Biloria, dr. ing. Henriette Biere and Martin Sobota. I would like thank them for all the help.

URBAN / ARCHITECTURAL PROBLEM

Plac Defilad is a main square in the city centre of Warsaw and despite of the fact that it seems to be the most interesting and valuable place for urban development it still stays almost empty. There have been lots of discussions about its future appearance, and many urban plans were made. However none of these investigations were finally accepted and still there is no clear decision how Plac Defilad should look like in the next ten or twenty years.

The design task was to propose a new, alternative solution for Warsaw’s city centre. It needed to be multifunctional project, consisting of cultural, business and commercial activities. The big challenge was also to integrate all different transportation facilities and create here real social hub.

PROJECT IDEA

The idea of the project derives directly from the urban structure of the city of Warsaw. The site and its surrounding was fully destroyed during the second world war and it is still full of undeveloped areas and empty lots of land. There is a lack of proper city structure with a geometry of streets and squares. Thus the form of project starts from a ‘bounding box’ of the site, including all the city regulations. Then this box is gradually eaten away at, based on the site characteristics and parameters. It gave a final form which in some places still kept box geometry, nicely filling the gap in the city. However functional configuration inside follows geometries from the site analysis program and is not constrained by the outer bounding box.

METHOOLOGY

The purpose of the WCC project was to show how computational techniques can be used on different design stages, starting from conceptual sketches and finishing with preparing files for materialization. The crucial point was to introduce them not as one ‘master’ tool, which solves all the problems, but as a set of small interconnected programs solving separately specific issues. In that case that was always possible to rethink all the decisions and create feed-back loops to find optimal solutions.

The design process started from a site analysis and the first functional diagrams. For this purpose computational procedure was written in Processing language. The result of that was briefly describing project geometry and providing internal communication plan.

On that base in the next step a couple of scripts (Rhino VB scripts) were used to generate exact geometry of the project and develop parametric skin components, which were able to be driven by all gathered information.

Another important part was to introduce a tool to create customized and unique structural strategy for the project. In that sense construction methods were following design ideas, not another way around.

In the last part of the project separate code was written to generate files for final materialization. Produced prototype in 1:25 scale was fabricated by using CNC techniques like laser cutting and 3-axis milling machine. More information about the fabrication process and final appearance of the prototype will be posted soon.





Parametric Design and Digital Fabrication Workshop in Lima Peru

19 04 2010

ARTificial invited Krystian Kwiecinski to co-tutor together with Luis Odiaga the AW1 which will run from the 19th till the 24th of April in Lima Peru.

The AW1 is one week Parametric Design and Digital Fabrication Workshop organized by ARTificial. It´s open to designers from Latin-America who want to start using Rhinoceros and learn parametric design techniques in Grasshopper. All the tasks are going to be finalized with digital fabrication allowing participants to get familiar with CNC machines. The workshop will start with the series of lectures open to the public.





‘Parametric Modeling and CAM Technologies’ – final project 02

26 02 2010

This lamp is a second project from ‘Parametric Modeling and CAM Technologies’ seminar which was finally fabricated and assembled. The idea of the design proposal was to create a lamp which starts from two double-curved surfaces. For this reason Generative Components scripts takes two double curved surfaces as an input and transforms them into mesh with special cuttings and joints in between. Final form was laser-cut out of 1mm semi-transparent plexiglass.
The project was done by: M.Brzeski, A. Rokicka, M. Rudnicki, D. Pędrakowski, P. Michalak under tutorship of Workshop Factory.





‘Parametric Modeling and CAM Technologies’ – final project 01

24 02 2010

At the end of February one of the projects done during ‘Parametric Modeling and CAM Technologies’ seminar was finally assembled and installed in the main hall of the building of Warsaw University of Technology (WAPW). It is a result of a fall semester master course seminar at the WAPW, which was tutored by Workshops Factory. Fabricated project was designed by J. Bartos, M.Piotrowska, J. Soltyk and A. Zajkowski.

On the 26th February (Friday) at 12.00 at the Warsaw University of Technology / Architecture Faculty (ul. Koszykowa 55, Warsaw) final review of the seminar and projects exhibition will take place. You are welcome to join if You are around.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Video presents fabrication and assembling process of the project. The overall geometry of the design proposal was designed by using Bentley’s Generative Components, which allows controlling form by a set of parameters.





‘Parametric Modeling and CAM technologies’ – fabrication process

22 02 2010

One of the student projects done during ‘Parametric Modeling and CAM Technologies’ seminar was finally chosen for fabrication in 1:1 scale (group 01: J.Bartos, M.Piotrowska, J. Soltyk, A. Zajkowski). 2 axis CNC milling machine was used to cut all the elements of the design proposal. Because of its lightness and rigidity PCV was chosen as the best material for the manufacturing.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

We would like to thank NC.art for their colaboration in fabrication process.





‘Parameteric Modeling and CAM technologies’ – seminar at the Warsaw University of Technology

20 02 2010

‘Parametric Modeling and CAM Technologies’ was a seminar run during a master course at the Warsaw University of Technology (WAPW). Its aim was to introduce parametric software and the CNC manufacturing processes to the students. Thus the classes started with the theoretical introduction to computational processes in architecture and Bentley’s Generative Components tutorials. Later on the students were divided into four groups of 3-4 people working separately on their designs. The subject of the studio project was a design of a three dimensional installation in the space of the main staircase at the WAPW building. One of the main objectives of the studio was to fabricate one or two of the installations using a 2-axis milling machine or laser cutter.

GROUP 01 (students: J.Bartos, M. Piotrowska, J.Soltyk, A. Zajkowski)

The idea of the project was to separate certain part of the staircase area from its overall space. Thus the shape of the project starts from a simple rectangle and the gradually offers semi closed space at its lower level. Both global shape of the design and its local components details are parametrically driven by a set of parameters. The project is going to be fabricated (in collaboration with NC.art company) and installed in the main hall of Warsaw University of Technology.

The video presents the process of generating geometry of the project in Bentley’s Genertive Components and the way of controlling specific dimensions by certain parameters.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

GROUP 02 (students: B. Cyruchin, M. Strzala, L. Maleszewski, P. Pachowski)

The concept of the design proposal was to design a lamp, which would follow the shape of the handrail, and would be parametrically controlled by the ammount of light it produces. And so the main curve represents the border of the enlighten area, and then the form adjusts to its requirments. Furthermore all the structural parts are parametrically controlled by a set of sliders.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

GROUP 03 (students: K. Graczuk, L. Wawrzenczyk, M. Szulc)

The design proposes a parametric wall which can work for different types of exhibition (phtotos, architectural projects, drawings, etc). It is driven by a set of parameters like the overall shape of the wall, possible openings in between, sizes of the modules or thickness of the material.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

GROUP 04 (students: A. Rokicka, P. Michalak, M. Brzeski, M. Rudnicki, D. Pedrakowski)

The idea of the project was to create a lamp which starts from two double-curved surfaces. For this reason GC script has been developed as a tool for conversion of two double-curved surfaces in two meshes made of triangles, that are interconnected to ensure stability of construction. Depending on version base geometry may be imported from external file or be generated inside the script. Three different iterations of the project are going to be fabricated in 1:1 scale.

We would like thank to WAPW (Pracownia Projektowania Architektonicznego Wspomaganego Komputerem – Katedra Projektowania Architektonicznego, kierownik katedry: J. Slyk) for their help in organizing the class and to all the students participating in the course for their effort. More information about final results of the seminar will be posted soon.





WF started teaching at WAPW

15 10 2009

WF members are now instructing a first year seminar at The Warsaw University of Technology called ” Parametric modeling and CAM technologies ” . With a group of 17 students we are planning to design and fabricate a 1:1 scale installation in the Faculty of Architecture at WAPW during the coming semester





Y parametric Table at LDZIGN

13 10 2009

Y parametric table was selected as one of 17 projects that are going to be shown on make me! 2009 exhibition during International Design Festival LODZ DESIGN 2009. The exhibition is on display in ŁÓDŹ ART CENTER from 15th until 31st of October.

Y parametric table at LDZIGN

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Photos: Patrycja Sołtan

Support: Tomasz Kwieciński + Robert Krzysztofik